What is Programmatic Advertising | Full Guide for Beginners

In simple words, the automated selling and programmatic buying of online advertising space are known as programmatic advertising. However, it’s not only that.

Ad exchanges, which manage automated auctions that bring both parties of the transaction together, run the market for digital advertising space.

Advertisers are interested in purchasing online ad space. Website proprietors who have digital space to sell are known as publishers. Or in other words, Programmatic ads are the process of using an automated bidding system to automate the buying and selling of ad inventory in real-time.

Through a sophisticated infrastructure, programmatic advertising platforms allow brands or agencies to buy ad impressions on publisher sites or applications in milliseconds. Machine learning and AI-optimization are now used to replace human negotiators. Both the advertiser and the publisher want to improve efficiency and transparency.

Well, if we compare programmatic ads and offline advertising, the manual procedure between buyers (advertisers/brands) and sellers (publishers) is time-consuming and expensive. It includes substantial paperwork, requests for proposals (RFPs), and negotiation, the traditional/offline advertising model is inefficient. The offline method’s major flaw is its inability to calculate ROI (Return on investment).

Types of programmatic advertising

  • RTB (Real-Time Bidding) RTB,

Also known as open auction, is when inventory prices are determined in real-time through an auction. Any advertiser or publisher is welcome to participate, as the name implies. RTB is regarded as a cost-effective method of purchasing media with a big audience.

  • PMP (Private Marketplace)

These are much like open auctions, except PMPs contain participation limits. PMPs are only accessible by invitation to a small group of advertisers. Publishers may, however, have a selection process in place that permits marketers to apply for an invitation.

  • Preferred deal

An advertiser who has to place an advertisement should choose a location before it is placed up for auction before the marketplace opens and the auction begins. Advertisers and publishers negotiate pricing and targeting before the auction begins.

  • Programmatic direct

When a publisher sells media inventory to an advertiser at a fixed cost per mille (CPM), he or she is bypassing auctions (or multiple advertisers).

Read more:  Top latest digital marketing trends

Component of Programmatic Advertising Platform

  • DSP (Demand-side platform) A demand-side platform is a software that allows marketers to buy mobile, search, and video ads from publishers who list their inventory on a marketplace. These platforms allow advertisers to manage their ads across multiple real-time bidding networks, rather than just one, such as Google Ads. DSPs enable programmatic advertising when used in conjunction with supply-side platforms.
  • Ad Exchanger The supply-side feeds inventory into the ad exchange in this manner. Advertisers, agencies, networks, and publishers can purchase and sell ad space through the DSP’s connection to the ad exchange. The bidding procedure can then be used to agree on inventory prices.
  • SSP (Sell-side platform) Publishers can use this application to sell display, mobile, and video ad impressions in real-time to interested parties. Ad exchanges, networks, and demand-side platforms (DSPs) are all included (see below). Publishers may now better manage their inventory and CPMs.
  • DMP (Data management Platform) It is a self-contained programmatic advertising platform that collects, analyses, manages, and activates data. These sources in digital advertising include publisher websites and applications where advertisers can buy ads. Marketers can access and manage data such as mobile identifiers and cookie IDs in a DMP to generate targeting segments for their digital advertising campaigns.

Why bother using programmatic digital advertising?

The traditional media buying process is slow and inefficient since it entails a lot of manual efforts, such as many requests for bids (RFPs), human negotiations, and manual insertions of orders (IOs). Furthermore, advertisers have limited control over inventory and placement because advertising is purchased in bulk. Guaranteed impressions are one feature of programmatic advertising. Before the impressions go live on the website, the buyer and vendor agree on a price. Marketers can bid for real-time impressions when their brand wants to enhance its message or reach a different audience outside of the ongoing campaign.

How does Programmatic Media/Ad Buying Work?

  • Someone visits a website with ad space
  • The owner’s available ad space is put up for sale (SSP)
  • Advertisers who are eligible bid for the ad space (DSP)
  • The ad spot goes to the highest bidder.
  • For the user, an advertisement shows on the website.

The entire process takes milliseconds, and the visitor is completely unaware that an ad auction is taking place.

Furthermore, algorithms and a variety of analytics are used to automatically find the most cost-effective bid among the competing bids. The bid served for your impression will be greater if the visitor who clicked on the page is a strong potential consumer for your ad based on their prior surfing data and online profile.


Manual methods are no longer cost-effective in digital marketing because marketing technology has advanced significantly. In terms of automated marketing solutions, this persuades marketers to employ programmatic advertising platforms. Marketers can use programmatic media platforms to create the most complex campaign settings and forecast results, among other things.

Leave us your info